Basic principles and some interesting details about WITT products.
Please choose the product category for your question:
HRP - hermetic refrigerant pump
Rapidly varying load conditions of the compressor cause the refrigerant to boil in the separator and gas components to be observed in the refrigerant on the suction side of the HRP refrigerant pump. These conditions increase the risk of cavitation!
It is therefore important to ensure a sufficient diamieter of the suction piping and at least an suction height of one meter when installing the HRP.
Due to the open design of the impellers, the HRP is able to deliver a reduced volume flow, even with increased proportions of gas in the refrigerant.
Our HRP - hermetic refrigerant pump is always selected taking into account the pressure losses in the piping down to the consumers. This means for you, your requested operating point is actually served with the pump we offer.
All lost volume flows are already taken into account in the design.
The HRP refrigerant pumps are more sensitive to dry running due to the canned motor than a GP refrigerant pump.
Both, the engine and the bearings require liquid refrigerant for cooling and lubrication. In order to minimize wear on the pump, the HRP must therefore not run without refrigerant and must be protected by an INT engine protection.
Additional differential pressure monitoring and a differential pressure-dependent overflow valve as well as a minimum level switch at the separator are recommended.
The performance curves of our refrigerant pumps are net curves. That means, the performances shown are also pumped by the respective pump into the system.
In comparison to many other refrigerant pumps, the illustrated volumen flows are also 100% available to consumers.
The permissible frequency range is at least 40 Hz and a maximum of 60 Hz.
If more than one refrigerant pump is operating simultaneously at one separator, the speed must be the same for all refrigerant pumps.
For the check valve to open behind the pump, a short start-up time or steep start ramp of 1 to 2 seconds is necessary. In CO2 systems with minimum flow line before the check valve, the start ramp can be increased to 10 seconds to allow a soft start.
GP - refrigerant pump
Rapidly varying load conditions of the compressor cause the refrigerant to boil in the separator and gas components to be observed in the refrigerant on the suction side of the GP refrigerant pump. These conditions increase the risk of cavitation!
It is therefore important to ensure a sufficient diamieter of the suction piping and at least an suction height of one meter when installing the GP.
Due to the open design of the impellers, the GP is able to deliver a reduced volume flow, even with increased proportions of gas in the refrigerant.
The impellers of GP refrigerant pump have very good dry-running properties, but these are very limited as with all refrigerant pumps.
On the other hand, the shaft seals are more affected by dry running, so a dry run should definitely be prevented / minimized.
In order to minimize the wear of the pump, the GP must be secured via a degassing line to the separator and a vortex breaker in the separator.
An additional differential pressure monitoring as well as a minimum level switch at the separator is recommended.
The GP refrigerant pump can be operated at min. 960 1/min up to max. 1740 1/min.
The use of a frequency converter leads to changed speeds and depends on the motor used.
The GP refrigerant pump can be used with all standard flange motors. The power of the motors depends on the selected refrigerant.
When installing the HR or HS on the condenser, one float controller per output should be provided per condenser.
If a high-pressure float regulator is used for several condenser outputs or even for several condenser, these outputs must have equal pressure losses and sufficient static height must be present in the supply line to the float regulator.
In general, it is more cost effective to use a smaller highside float regulator per condenser outlet than a few large highside float regulators with elaborate piping and installation.
A highside float regulator can also be used up to max. 3 m above (or up to 30 m away) from the condenser.
The highside float regulator always has the highside or condensation pressure.
A highside float regulator relieves all condensed refrigerant via a throttle directly to the low-pressure side of the system.
Through a vacuum nozzle, the pressure in the highside float regulator is minimally lowered, whereby the condensed liquid refrigerant is sucked into the highside float regulator due to the pressure difference.